James Horlick

James Horlick may refer to:

Sir James Horlick, 1st Baronet (1844–1921) of the Horlick Baronets
Sir James Horlick, 4th Baronet (1886–1972), MP for Gloucester
Sir James Cunliffe William Horlick, 6th Baronet (b. 1956) of the Horlick Baronets

This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.


Breithaupt v. Abram

Breithaupt v. Abram

Supreme Court of the United States

Argued December 12–13, 1956
Decided February 25, 1957

Full case name
Paul H. Breithaupt, Petitioner v. Morris Abram, Warden

352 U.S. 432 (more)
77 S. Ct. 408, 1 L. Ed. 2d 448

Prior history
Certiorari to the Supreme Court of New Mexico, Breithaupt v. Abram, 58 N.M. 385 (1954).


Involuntary blood samples, taken by a skilled technician to determine intoxication, do not violate substantive due process.

Court membership

Chief Justice
Earl Warren

Associate Justices
Hugo Black · Stanley F. Reed
Felix Frankfurter · William O. Douglas
Harold H. Burton · Tom C. Clark
John M. Harlan II · William J. Brennan, Jr.

Case opinions

Clark, joined by Reed, Frankfurter, Burton, Harlan, Brennan

Warren, joined by Black, Douglas

Douglas, joined by Black

Laws applied

U.S. Const. amend. XIV

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Breithaupt v. Abram

Breithaupt v. Abram, 352 U.S. 432 (1957), was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that involuntary blood samples, taken by a skilled technician to determine intoxication, do not violate substantive due process under the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.[1] This case was only the second time the Court considered whether police could forcibly enter inside a suspect’s body to extract evidence.[2] Writing for a 6-3 majority, Justice Tom C. Clark argued that blood tests were necessary as a matter of public policy to ensure traffic safety on roads and highways, and that “modern community living requires modern scientific methods of crime detection.”[3] Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice William O. Douglas both wrote dissenting opinions in which they argued that the involuntary blood sample taken in this case was “repulsive” and violated substantive due process.[4]


1 Background

1.1 The constitutionality of searches inside the body
1.2 Arrest and prosecution of Paul Breithaupt

2 Opinion of the Court

2.1 Chief Justice Warren’s dissenting opinion
2.2 Justice Douglas’ dissenting opinion

3 Subsequent developments
4 See also
5 References
6 External links

The constitutionality of searches inside the body[edit]
In the 1950s the Supreme Court of the United States addressed for the first time whether the constitution permits law enforcement to forcibly extract evidence

2010 NFL season

This article is about the American football season in the United States. For the Gaelic football season in Ireland, see 2010 National Football League (Ireland).

2010 National Football League season

Regular season

September 9, 2010 – January 2, 2011


Start date
January 8, 2011 – January 23, 2011[1]

AFC Champions
Pittsburgh Steelers

NFC Champions
Green Bay Packers

Super Bowl XLV

February 6, 2011[2]

Cowboys Stadium, Arlington, Texas

Green Bay Packers

Pro Bowl

January 30, 2011[3]

Aloha Stadium, Halawa, Honolulu, Hawaii

← 2009
NFL seasons
2011 →

The 2010 NFL season was the 91st regular season of the National Football League.
The regular season began with the NFL Kickoff game on NBC on Thursday, September 9, at the Louisiana Superdome as the New Orleans Saints, Super Bowl XLIV champions, defeated the Minnesota Vikings 14–9.
Tom Brady, quarterback of the New England Patriots, was named MVP for the 2010 season. In Super Bowl XLV, the League’s championship game played at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, the Green Bay Packers defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 31–25 to win their fourth Super Bowl. spoiling the Steelers chance for a 7th title.[2] This season also marked the first full-length season in which a team with a losing record made the playoffs, when the Seattle Seahawks won the NFC West with a 7–9 record, after defeating the St. Louis Rams in week 17 to clinch the division title. One week later, the Seahawks dethroned the defending champion New Orleans Saints in the Wild Card round, to become the first ever sub .500 playoff team to win a postseason game.


1 Schedule

1.1 Draft
1.2 Preseason
1.3 Regular season

1.3.1 Opening weekend
1.3.2 No undefeated teams after Week Five
1.3.3 International play
1.3.4 NFL vs. World Series Game 4
1.3.5 Thanksgiving and Christmas
1.3.6 Week 17: Division games only
1.3.7 Scheduling changes

2 Regular season standings
3 Postseason

3.1 Playoffs bracket

4 Labor issues
5 Rule changes

5.1 Crowd noise
5.2 Crackdown on illegal hits

6 Super Bowl and conference logo, trophy changes
7 Uniforms
8 Media
9 Stadiums
10 Records and milestones

10.1 Records
10.2 All-Time Records set or tied
10.3 Milestones and Firsts

11 Coaching changes

11.1 Pre-season
11.2 In-season

12 Awards

12.1 Players of the Week
12.2 Regular Season Awards
12.3 Team Superlatives

12.3.1 Offense
12.3.2 Defense

12.4 All-pro team

13 References

A308(M) motorway


Route information

0.6 mi (1.0 km)

1971 – present

Major junctions



M4 motorway

A404(M) motorway



Maidenhead, (Windsor)

Road network

Roads in the United Kingdom

A and B road zones

Looking towards the A308(M) terminus with the A308 and A330.

The A308(M) is a motorway in Berkshire, England. It is 0.6 miles (1 km) long.[1] It runs from the M4 at junction 8/9 to the A308.


1 History
2 Junctions
3 See also
4 References
5 External links

In 1961[2] the A4(M)[3] was opened and ran from the existing junction 7, through a junction with the A308 and ending at a junction with the A4. In 1963 the Slough bypass was opened[2] to junction 7 and the A4(M) was renumbered M4, junction 8 being with the A308 and junction 9 with the A4.
The proposed route of the M4 was then changed to go south of Reading, instead of north of it.[4] When the M4 was extended in 1971,[2] a new junction was provided to connect with what would become a spur. This new interchange was built too close to the original junction 8, so this had to be closed. A new junction (numbered 8/9 so as not to confuse motorists) was built. The original M4 north of this was renumbered as the A423(M) and in the 1990s this was again reclassified as the A404(M). A new spur, the A308(M), was built to maintain access to the A308 and connected with the A404(M) and the M4 at the same grade separated roundabout.

A308(M) motorway

Eastbound exits
Westbound exits

Road continues as A308 to Maidenhead, Windsor
A330 to Ascot and Bracknell (A3095)
A308 & A330
London, Reading (M4) A308(M), Oxford A404(M)

Maidenhead, Windsor A308, Ascot A330, Bracknell A3095
Start of motorway

Start of motorway
Maidenhead (Central) A308(M)
M4 J8/9
The West M4(W), London M4(E)
High Wycombe A404(M)

Information above gathered from Advanced Direction Signs April 2011
See also[edit]

List of motorways in the United Kingdom
A404(M) motorway


^ Pathetic Motorways – A308(M)
^ a b c The Motorway Archive – M4 Dates Page Archived 4 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Pathetic Motorways: A4(M)
^ Pathetic Motorways – A404(M)

External links[edit]
Route map: Bing / Google

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Bing Maps
Display on Google Maps

Template:Attached KML/A308(M) motorway
KML is from W



Former municipality of Switzerland

Cugnasco village

Coat of arms


Location of Cugnasco 

Coordinates: 46°11′N 8°55′E / 46.183°N 8.917°E / 46.183; 8.917Coordinates: 46°11′N 8°55′E / 46.183°N 8.917°E / 46.183; 8.917






 • Total
17.1 km2 (6.6 sq mi)

225 m (738 ft)


 • Total

 • Density
74/km2 (190/sq mi)

Postal code

Bosco, Boscioredo, Massarescio, Medoscio, Moncucco, Pianrestello, Sciarana, La Monda


Cugnasco is a village in the municipality Cugnasco-Gerra of the district of Locarno in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland.
Cugnasco had a population of nearly 1300.
Cugnasco was an independent municipality until January 1, 2009, when it merged with Gerra (Verzasca) to form Cugnasco-Gerra.


1 Location
2 History
3 Historic population
4 References
5 External links

Cugnasco is on the outskirts of the Magadino valley. It includes the settlements of Boscioredo, Cugnasco, Bosco, Massarescio, Medoscio, Moncucco, Pianrestello and Sciarana.[1]
Cugnasco is first mentioned in 1374 as Cunyascho.[1] Today’s mountain pastures of Ditto and Curogna are the oldest settlements of the municipality. The settlements in the marshy Ticino river floodplain, developed later. The present village developed mainly due to the herders who brought their cattle down into the Magadino valley for the winter. In the 13th and 14th Centuries there was a migration from Verzasca valley and about 150 inhabitants of Ditto and Curogna moved down into the valley. Cugnasco grew into a center of community life for the surrounding settlements.[1]
As Cugnasco grew, a Servite monastery grew up as well. In 1653, the monastery was closed. However, the Chapel of the Beata Vergine delle Grazie continued to serve for the inhabitants of the plain. Before the chapel, they had to travel to Tenero for worship services. The small 15th Century church, now a heritage site of national significance[2] containing valuable frescoes from the 16th and 17th Century was the goal of many pilgrims from the region.
In 1635-56 the provost’s St. Joseph Church was built. It later became a parish center, while Ditto and Curogna still had a Vicariate. Both the c

William J. Hough

This article does not cite any sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

William J. Hough

William Jervis Hough (March 20, 1795 – October 4, 1869) was a United States Representative from Cazenovia, Madison County, New York.
William Jervis Hough was born in Paris Hill, Oneida County, New York, as recorded in the New York State Census for 1795. His parents were Benjamin Hough and Mercy Jervis. They moved to Pompey Hill, Onondaga County and William attended school at the “Academy” in Pompey Hill.
William Jervis Hough completed preparatory studies for jurisprudence in Cazenovia, and passed the bar as a lawyer. He read law in the office of Childs & Stebbins, and was admitted about 1820. ( History of Chenango and Madison Counties – Chapter 51)
Hough married Clarinda Carpenter in Cazenovia in 1821. They moved to Lyons, Ontario (now Wayne County), NY. Their son, William Jerome Hough, was born there in 1821. Mr. W.J. Hough opened his law practice in Lyons and stayed until 1828 when he returned to Cazenovia. (Records in the First Presbyterian Church of Cazenovia.) He practiced law in Cazenovia, Madison County, NY until 1855 when the Hough family moved to Syracuse, Onondaga County, NY, (US Census for 1855, Syracuse 4th Ward, Syracuse, NY)
William and Clarinda Hough had two daughters in addition to their son. William Jerome Hough married Margaret Seymour in Cazenovia. Helen Clarinda Hough was born 28 May 1837 and married Charles E. Stevens, an attorney in Syracuse, NY. Frances Jervis Hough was born the 6th of December 1826 and married Matthew Joseph Myers. M. J Myers became a banker and telephone business entrepreneur in Syracuse. The telephone company run by M. J. Myers and Son was called the American District Telegraph Company. They already managed the telegraph company when they had the opportunity to sublet the Syracuse license from H.C Brower & Son. (1880 US Census, Syracuse, NY)
While living in Cazenovia, Hough was elected and served as a member of the Assembly in 1835 and 1836. (New York State Records for Madison County Proceedings). Elected as a Democrat, he served as Representative of the 23rd district for Cazenovia in the Twenty-ninth United States Congress from 1845 to 1847. (Biography for US Congressmen). While working on a bill concerning the creation of the Smiths

Civilization V: Gods & Kings

Civilization V: Gods & Kings

Firaxis Games

2K Games (Windows)
Aspyr (OS X, Linux)

Take-Two Interactive (Windows)
Mac Game Store (Macintosh)
Valve Corporation (Linux)

Ed Beach


Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux,
Cloud (OnLive)

Release date(s)

NA: June 19, 2012[1]
WW: June 22, 2012[1]

Turn-based strategy, 4X

Single-player, multiplayer

Sid Meier’s Civilization V: Gods & Kings is the first official expansion pack for the turn-based strategy video game Civilization V. It was released on June 19, 2012 in North America, and on June 22, 2012 in the rest of the world.[1] It adds both religion and espionage mechanics to the game as well as reworking the combat and diplomacy features.[2] It is available either in disc form or as download content via Steam.


1 Gameplay
2 Reception
3 References
4 External links

Gods & Kings includes 27 new units, 13 new buildings, nine new wonders, two new eras, and nine new playable civilizations. A new religion mechanic featuring a “faith” resource allows players to found their own religion which they can grow into a “world-spanning fully customized religion.” Diplomacy has been reworked to include espionage, foreign embassies, and new types of city-states (religious and mercantile). City-states also feature a new quest system and strategic importance. Additionally, the combat system has been re-worked to include smarter AI, an expanded early modern era, and enhanced naval combat featuring Great Admiral and melee naval units. Gods & Kings adds an additional 52 Steam achievements to Civilization V.[3]
Three new scenarios are included in the expansion: “Fall of Rome”, focusing on the decline of the Roman Empire; “Into the Renaissance”, focusing on religion in the Middle Ages into the Renaissance era; and “Empires of the Smoky Skies”, a Victorian steampunk scenario.[4]
Gods & Kings reintroduces a religion mechanic to the series. Players are able to found a religion and customize its various beliefs, resulting in differing in-game benefits, through the cultivation of a “faith” resource similar to how culture and science already function in the game. The use of Great Prophet, missionary, and inquisitor units also allows players to spread and control their chosen religion. Religion will feature prominently in the first two-thirds of the game, affecting dip

Frank Barnett

Frank Barnett

49th Governor of American Samoa

In office
October 1, 1976 (1976-10-01) – May 27, 1977 (1977-05-27)

Preceded by
Earl B. Ruth

Succeeded by
Hyrum Rex Lee

Personal details

Frank Elliott Barnett[1]
(1933-07-20)July 20, 1933
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.

July 15, 2016(2016-07-15) (aged 82)

Political party

Frank Elliott Barnett (July 20, 1933 – July 15, 2016) was the 49th Governor of American Samoa from October 1, 1976 to May 27, 1977.[2][3] Before becoming governor, he was a Federal Bureau of Investigation agent and a Tennessee attorney.[4] He served as the first Lieutenant Governor of American Samoa for two years prior to his governorship.[4] While governor, a number of Samoans signed a petition accusing him of abusing local officials; others signed a counter-petition supporting him, and the charges were eventually dropped. This arose from his firing of Mere Betham, a native who had been serving as Samoan Director of Education, an action he defended as necessary to improve education on the island, but others decried as racist; Barnett reinstated Betham one week after dismissing her.[5]
Barnett graduated from Knoxville High School in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1950. He served in the United States Marine Corps. Barnett went to University of Tennessee and later received his law degree in 1959 from University of Tennessee College of Law. He practiced law in Knoxville, Tennessee and was involved with the Republican Party.[6][7]

^ Inc Marquis Who’s Who (1971). Who’s who in the South and Southwest: 1971-1972. 12. Marquis Who’s Who, Inc. ISBN 9780837908120. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
^ National Conference of Lieutenant Governors (U.S.); Council of State Governments; National Conference of Lieutenant Governors (U.S.). Meeting (1976). The National Conference of Lieutenant Governors … Biographical Sketches and Portraits. The Conference. ISSN 1046-1841. Retrieved 24 July 2015. 
^ Sorensen, Stan; Joseph Theroux (2007). “The Samoan Historical Calendar, 1606-2007” (PDF). Government of American Samoa. p. 129. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
^ a b Associated Press (8 January 1977). “People in the News”. The News and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina. p. 27. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 
^ Binder, David (14 December 1976). “Samoans in Debate as Home Rule Nears”. The New York Times. New York

Pat Descrimes

Pat Descrimes

Descrimes in 1899

Personal information

Full name
Patrick Joseph Descrimes

Date of birth
31 December 1877

Date of death
6 January 1939(1939-01-06) (aged 61)

Original team(s)
North Carlton


Playing career1

Games (Goals)

55 (18)

1 Playing statistics correct to the end of 1900.

Career highlights

2× VFL premiership player: 1898, 1899

Patrick Joseph “Pat” Descrimes (31 December 1877 – 6 January 1939)[1] was an Australian rules footballer who played for the Fitzroy Football Club in the Victorian Football League (VFL).[2]
Descrimes debuted at Fitzroy in opening game of the inaugural VFL season in 1897 and went on to play four seasons for the club. He was a follower in Fitzroy’s 1898 premiership team and a half forward flanker in their premiership side in 1899.[3]

^ “MR. P. J. DESCRIMES.”. The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 7 January 1939. p. 10. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
^ Holmesby, Russell; Main, Jim (2007). The Encyclopedia Of AFL Footballers. BAS Publishing. ISBN 9781920910785. 
^ Some sources have Bert Sharpe in the 1899 premiership team instead of Descrimes but Sharpe was a late omission when his father died.

External links[edit]

Pat Descrimes’s statistics from AFL Tables


Fitzroy Football Club 1898/99 VFL premiers

1898: Fitzroy 5.8 (38) defeated Essendon 3.5 (23), at the Junction Oval
1899: Fitzroy 3.9 (27) defeated South Melbourne 3.8 (26), at the Junction Oval

J. Grace
M. Grace
Sloan (c)

This Australian rules football biography of a person born in the 1870s is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.


There Came an Echo

There Came an Echo

Iridium Studios

Microsoft Windows
PlayStation 4

Release date(s)
24 February 2015

Real-time tactics

Single player

There Came an Echo is a real-time tactics title with a heavy narrative focus developed for the PlayStation 4, Windows (DRM-free & via Steam) and Xbox One platforms, and was released on 24 February 2015. The player can use a voice control system to direct their units around the battlefield to ensure a tactical advantage over the enemy. The game features voice actors Wil Wheaton, Ashly Burch, Yuri Lowenthal, Laura Bailey and Cassandra Morris.
The game was crowdfunded via Kickstarter for $115,570 (USD) by 3,906 backers, the requested budget was $90,000.[1] The game received further investment from Intel to implement Intel’s RealSense technology.[2]


1 Reception
2 OSX and Linux Version
3 References
4 External links



Review score


Hardcore Gamer

Hardcore Gamer gave the game a 4 out of 5, saying “Iridium Studios has demonstrated how to properly create something fresh and exciting that encapsulates everything that the indie scene is capable of. Sure, its story can get a bit incoherent, its non-voice controls are awkward, and there are moments of spotty voice-recognition, but the good greatly outweighs what little bad there is.”[3]
OSX and Linux Version[edit]
There currently is no OSX or Linux version available, but the developer has shown interest in bringing the game to those platforms provided there is sufficient community support to do so.[4] It was also mentioned that the main blocker is the proprietary voice libraries currently used by the game that do not support those platforms, so another library would need to be found that would suit the functional needs of the game.

^ https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/iridiumstudios/there-came-an-echo-0/
^ Eric Johnson (2014-02-04). “Intel Invests in Voice-Controlled Indie Game There Came an Echo”. Re/code. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 
^ a b Whittaker, Matt (23 February 2015). “Review: There Came an Echo”. Hardcore Gamer. Hardcore Gamer. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
^ “Linux / SteamOS support?”. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

Official website
Kickstarter page

This video game article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.